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Helicobacter Pylori Infection

( H. Pylori Infection)

Definition

Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a type of bacteria that can infect the stomach and intestines. It can lead to:
Gastric Ulcer
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Causes

This condition occurs when an infected person passes the bacteria to someone else. The bacteria are spread through:

Risk Factors

Factors that increase your risk of H. pylori infection include being in:

Symptoms

In most cases, there are not any symptoms. However, if someone develops an ulcer or gastritis, symptoms may include:

Diagnosis

Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Tests may include:

Treatment

Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Your doctor may recommend:

Prevention

To reduce your chances of getting H. pylori infection, take these steps:

RESOURCES

Gastro—American Gastroenterological Association http://www.gastro.org

The American College of Gastroenterology http://patients.gi.org

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Association of Gastroenterology http://cag-acg.org

Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca

References

Helicobacter pylori. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ulcer/files/hpfacts.PDF. Accessed April 12, 2011.

Helicobacter pylori infection. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated April 29, 2013. Accessed May 14, 2013.

Travelers health helicobacter pylori. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/yellowbook/2014/chapter-3-infectious-diseases-related-to-travel/helicobacter-pylori. Updated July 1, 2011. Accessed May 14, 2013.

Weyermann M, Rothenbacher D, Brenner H. Acquisition of Helicobacter pylori infection in early childhood: independent contributions of infected mothers, fathers, and siblings. Am J Gastroenterol. 2009;104(1):182-189.

9/22/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Fuccio L, Zagari RM, et al. Meta-analysis: Can Helicobacter pylori eradication treatment reduce the risk for gastric cancer? Ann Intern Med. 200921;151(2):121-128.

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