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Chronic Renal Failure

(Chronic Kidney Disease)

Definition

Chronic renal failure is an deficiency in kidney function. Kidneys clean waste from the blood, which passes out of the body in urine.
Anatomy of the Kidney
Glomerulonephritis
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Causes

Chronic renal failure is often caused by diseases such as:

Risk Factors

Factors that may increase your chance of chronic renal failure include:

Symptoms

Chronic renal failure may cause:

Diagnosis

Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Tests may include
Those who are already at high risk for kidney disease should be tested more frequently so any damage can be diagnosed early. People with kidney disease will be referred to a nephrologist (a doctor who specializes in treating kidney disorders).

Treatment

Chronic renal failure cannot be cured. It is possible to slow the progression of kidney damage.
Treatment may include:

Prevention

To help reduce your chance of chronic renal failure:

RESOURCES

Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians http://www.familydoctor.org

National Kidney Foundation http://www.kidney.org

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca

The Kidney Foundation of Canada http://www.kidney.ca

References

Chronic renal failure. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated April 22, 2013. Accessed July 12, 2013.

Pendse S, Singh AK. Complications of chronic kidney disease: Anemia, mineral metabolism, and cardiovascular disease. Med Clin N Am. 2005;89(3):549-561.

Snyder S, Pendergraph B. Detection and evaluation of chronic kidney disease. Am Fam Physician. 2005;72(9):1739-1746.

Zandi-Nejod K, Brenner BM. Strategies to retard the progression of chronic renal disease. Med Clin N Am. 2005; 89:489-509.

8/26/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Heiwe S, Jacobson SH. Exercise training in adults with CKD: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Kidney Dis. 2014;64(3):383-393.

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