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Amoebic Dysentery

(Amebiasis)

Definition

Amoebic dysentery is an intestinal illness.

Causes

Amoebic dysentery is caused by a specific parasite. You may develop amoebic dysentery if you:
Digestive Pathway
Digestive pathway
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Risk Factors

Factors that may increase your chance of amoebic dysentery include:

Symptoms

Most people with the parasite do not have symptoms. Symptoms may include:

Diagnosis

Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Your doctor will need tests of your bodily fluids and waste products. This can be done with:
Images may need to be taken of your bodily structures, especially your liver. This can be done with:

Treatment

Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment options include the following:

Medications

Several antibiotics are available to treat amoebic dysentery or liver infection. Probiotics may also be helpful to reduce the symptoms.

Prevention

To help reduce your chances amoebic dysentery, take the following steps when traveling to a country that has poor sanitary conditions:

RESOURCES

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases http://www.niaid.nih.gov

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca

Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca

References

Amebiasis (amoebic dysentery). New York State Department of Health website. Available at: http://www.health.state.ny.us/diseases/communicable/amebiasis/fact%5Fsheet.htm. Updated October 2011. Accessed August 7, 2013.

Amebiasis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated May 31, 2013. Accessed June 16, 2014.

Parasites–amebiasis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/parasites/amebiasis/index.html. Updated November 2, 2010. Accessed August 7, 2013.

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