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Salmonellosis

(Infection; Salmonella Enterica; Food Poisoning)

Definition

Salmonellosis is an infection with bacteria called salmonella. Salmonella can grow in a variety of places such as water, raw meat, seafood, certain pets, and eggs.

Causes

Salmonellosis is caused by ingestion of a strain of bacteria called salmonella. After the bacteria are ingested, within 6-48 hours they will pass through the stomach to the intestine where inflammation occurs and spreads.
Stomach and Intestines
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Risk Factors

Factors that increase your chance of salmonellosis include:

Symptoms

Salmonellosis may cause:

Diagnosis

Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Your doctor may test your stool or blood to confirm presence of the bacteria

Treatment

Over-the-counter medications or oral rehydration solutions may be used to treat the symptoms of salmonellosis. The symptoms will usually improve on their own within 2-5 days. If symptoms are severe, talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment options include the following:

Prevention

To help reduce your chance of salmonellosis:

RESOURCES

Partnership for Food Safety Education http://www.fightbac.org

US Food and Drug Administration http://www.fda.gov

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Partnership for Consumer Food Safety Education http://www.canfightbac.org

Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca

References

Benenson A. Salmonellosis. Control of Communicable Diseases Manual. American Public Health Association. 1996:410-414.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Use of a self-assessment questionnaire for food safety education in the home kitchen—Los Angeles County, California, 2006-2008. MMWR. 2010;59(34):1098-101.

Edwards BH. Salmonella and shigella species. Clin Lab Med. 1999;19(3):469-487.

Heymann D. Salmonellosis. In: American Public Health Association. Control of Communicable Diseases Manual. 2004;469-473.

Koningstein M, Simonsen J, Helms M, Molbak K. The interaction between prior antimicrobial drug exposure and resistance in human Salmonella infections. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2010;65(8):1819-1825.

Salmonellosis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/salmonella. Updated June 27, 2013. Accessed June 19, 2014.

Nontyphoidal salmonellosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated January 16, 2014. Accessed June 19, 2014.

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