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Peritonitis

Definition

Peritonitis is an inflammation or infection of the peritoneum. The peritoneum is a thin tissue lining that covers the inside of the abdominal cavity. It also covers the outside of the intestines and other abdominal organs.
There are several types:
Peritonitis is a serious condition. It requires immediate treatment. If not promptly treated, it can be fatal.

Causes

Secondary Peritonitis
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Risk Factors

Factors that may increase your chance of peritonitis include:

Symptoms

Peritonitis may cause:

Diagnosis

The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Tests may include:

Treatment

Treatment depends on the cause. It may include:

Prevention

There are no current guidelines to prevent peritonitis.

RESOURCES

Gastro—American Gastroenterological Association http://gastro.org

The American College of Gastroenterology http://gi.org

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Association of Gastroenterology http://www.cag-acg.org

Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca

References

Bacterial peritonitis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated July 1, 2014. Accessed August 26, 2014.

Feldman M, et al. Sleisenger & Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease. 8th ed. St. Louis: Mosby, 2005.

Olendorf D, Jeryan C, Boyden K. Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Detroit, MI: Gale Group Research Company; 2000.

Peritonitis. Mayo Clinic website. Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/peritonitis/basics/definition/con-20032165. Updated July 2011. Accessed August 26, 2014.

Townsend CM, et al. Sabiston Textbook of Surgery. 17th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders, 2004.

Yamada T, Alpers DH, et al. Textbook of Gastroenterology. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2003.

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